Tori Stud        

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The Jubilee
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  The Famous Horses
              of Tori

[ See also stallions through the ages ]     

On 14th of November in 1855 a decision to establish Tori Stud was made by the gentry of Livonia. The Stud became operative in 1856. Historical records show that the state manors of Tori and Avinurme had been used by the Livonian gentry since 1826. They were used for the rearing and breeding of cattle and sheep. In 1855 the gentry asked the Russian emperor to extend the contract for 24 years to enable them to establish a horse stud... so Tori Stud was established in Pärnu county. 26 kilometres away from the town of Pärnu. The need to establish a stud was important as the local horse breed was near extinction.

Tori Stud was established with 47 mares (withers` height 135 cm) and 7 young stallions (withers` height 140 cm) of Estonian breed. In addition 10 mares and 3 stallions of Finnish breed were imported from Finland. From the Veil Horse Stud in Germany 3 Arab stallions were bought for riding and luxury purpose as well as 2 Trotter stallions.

Improving the Estonian breed by cross-breeding did not provide the desired results until a Norfolk-Roadster crossbred stallion Hetman (born 1886) was brought to Tori Stud. He became the basis for breeding the Tori breed: he gave good offspring suitable for farming and he is the founding sire of the first stallion lines and mare families.

Until 1936 Norfolk-Hackney and local Estonian horse remained the core components in breeding the Tori horse. The number of the lines were enlarged in 1937 with new imported stallions of the Postier Breton breed and a new universal horse breed was achieved that was approved in 1950. The dominating colour is chestnut with white markings on the head and limbs. By nature the Tori horse is energetic, good-natured, docile and is a willing draught animal.

150 years of activity at Tori Stud can mainly be divided into the following periods:

   pall.gif (944 bytes) Attempts to improve the Estonian breed in 1856-1880
   pall.gif (944 bytes) Moving from improving the Estonian horse to breeding the faster horses in 1880-1908
   pall.gif (944 bytes) Forming the Tori breed in 1908-1920
   pall.gif (944 bytes) Purebreeding of universal farming horse 1920-1973
   pall.gif (944 bytes) Hannoverian stallions to make the Tori breed even more universal

In the recent past the breeding has changed direction, moving from the heavier type of horse to a lighter palfrey which is now being bred. At the same time approx. 25% of the old-typed universal Tori horse suitable for harnessing and riding is still retained and bred.

TThe record in high jump among Tori horses is 2 meters, it belongs to a mare named Helve. In 1989 a mare named Aroonia became the absolute champion of the Soviet Union in triathlon for harnessed horses (she still lives in Tori Stud). The record of the Soviet Union in comparative driving power belongs to a stallion from the Stud also, it belongs to Laser with a driving power of 126% of his body mass. Estonian walk-record belongs to a stallion from the Stud named Aaker. 

There are approximately 100 horses in Tori Stud (the stud grounds extend to over 900 ha), 35 residents are mares who give birth to 10-20 foals a year.